Some chemical and structural studies of tin-molybdenum oxide catalysts

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University of Birmingham , Birmingham
StatementChristopher Hallett.
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Open LibraryOL13826813M

The Catalysts Used The active tin-molybdenum oxide catalysts changed colour during the catalytic testing from grey to blue-green or blue black similar [11] to the colour of molybdenum blue oxides which contain molyb- denum in the oxidation states of (V) and (VI).Author: Frank J. Berry, Christopher Hallett.

Molybdenum oxide catalysts supported on SiO 2, Al 2 O 3, and TiO 2 have been extensively investigated in the recent past. The dispersion of molybdenum oxide, its oxidation state, and structure strongly depend on the support.

Details Some chemical and structural studies of tin-molybdenum oxide catalysts PDF

In turn, all these factors are likely to affect the catalytic by:   Purchase Molybdenum, Volume 19 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Encapsulated Catalysts provides valuable information for chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists in this promising area.

The book describes many kinds of encapsulated catalysts and their applications in chemistry, including organic. In the oxide form of the catalyst, a molybdenum oxide monolayer structure has been proposed to exist for low molybdenum loadings (9, 10), that has been undetectable from the alu- mina support in electron microscopy stud- ies (77).Cited by: (b).

The study on the source of Te and the dispersion of TeO 2 in fabricating Mo-V-Te and Mo-V-Te-Nb mixed metal oxide catalysts for propane partial oxidation. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, (), Gabbott, P.

A Practical Introduction to Differential Scanning Calorimetry. In P. Kinetic analysis and isotopic tracer studies were used to identify the elementary steps and their reversibility in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over ZrO2-supported MoOx catalysts.

Competitive reactions of C3H6 and CHCH2CH3 showed that propene is the most abundant primary product, and that CO and CO2 are formed via either secondary combustion of Cited by: To rationalize structure-reactivity relationships for mixed-metal oxide catalysts, well-defined systems are s involving the deposition of nanoparticles and clusters of VO x, CeO x and WO x on TiO 2 () and other well-defined oxide surfaces have shown novel structures that have special chemical properties.

Dimers of vanadia and ceria have been found on TiO 2. Al2O3-supported tungsten oxide catalysts have been instrumental in many industrially relevant reactions and their reactivity is controlled by their molecular structure.

In turn, their molecular structure has primarily been derived via Raman measurements with assignments made using model compounds of known local (molecular) coordination.

In this work, the structure and Cited by: 2. Amorphous materials are widely used as components of solid catalysts and have been the subject of much applied research. In some instances, their catalytic performance is demonstrably superior to that of their crystalline counterparts, due in part to their greater flexibility.

Amorphous or disordered phases can also be generated from crystalline phases under reaction conditions, Cited by: Catalyst design using an inverse strategy: From mechanistic studies on inverted model catalysts to applications of oxide-coated metal nanoparticles. Surface Science Reports73 (4), DOI: /p Hongyang Ye, Jiasheng Wang, Wan-Hui Wang, Ming by: The oxide support undergoes partial reduction and is not a simple spectator, facilitating the dissociation of water and in some cases modifying the chemical properties of the supported metal.

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Therefore, to optimize the performance of these catalysts one must take into consideration the properties of the metal and oxide phases. Current oxide nanomaterials knowledge to draw from and build on Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials summarizes the existing knowledge in oxide-based materials research.

It gives researchers one comprehensive resource that consolidates general theoretical knowledge alongside practical applications. Heterogeneous Catalysis and Solid Catalysts OLAF DEUTSCHMANN, Institut f€ur Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Universit €at Karlsruhe (TH), Enges- serstr.

20, Karlsruhe, Germany HELMUT KNOZINGER€, Department Chemie, Universit€at M €unchen, Butenandtstr. 5 – 13 (Haus E), M €unchen, Germany KARL KOCHLOEFL, Schwarzenbergstr.

15. Catalysis: A brief review on Nano-Catalyst. [19].Some materials such as titanium dioxide (TiO 2), zinc oxide (ZnO) and tungsten oxide (WO 3) may serve as. T1 - Investigation of the surface structure and activity of molybdenum oxide-containing catalysts: I. An infrared study of the surface structure of molybdena-alumina catalysts.

AU - Fransen, T. AU - van der Meer, O. AU - Mars, P. PY - Y1 - Cited by: the supported molybdenum oxide catalysts have much in common with a similar series of studies on methanol oxidation over supported vanadium oxide catalyst^.^ The TOFs of the supported vanadium oxide catalysts were also found to vary with the specific oxide support: Zr - Ti > Nb >> A1 >> Size: 1MB.

The spectroscopic and magnetic properties of a fresh (i.e., unsulphided) cobalt–molybdenum–alumina hydrodesulphurisation catalyst are reported and compared with the properties of the above compounds in order to determine the chemical and structural environment of cobalt and molybdenum in the catalyst.

Cobalt is present as cobalt(II Cited by: The structural and catalytic properties of oxides in the Bi–V–Sb–O system, which are propene oxidation catalysts, have been studied. Two domains of solid solutions exist for the compounds BiV 1–x Sb x O 4, with the scheelite structure for 0 ⩽x structure for ⩽x⩽ 1.

Characterization by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (X.p.s.) shows that for a. Molybdenum oxide catalysts prepared by the spray reaction method had anisotropy in their crystal structures. In the present paper, the surface structure and the photoactivity for propen metathesis of the spray catalyst compared with the commercial MoO3 were investigated.

The chemical nature of catalysts is as diverse as catalysis itself, although some generalizations can be made. Proton acids are probably the most widely used catalysts, especially for the many reactions involving water, including hydrolysis and its reverse.

Graphite oxide (GO) and its derivatives have been studied using 13C and 1H NMR. The 13C NMR lines at 60, 70, and ppm are assigned to C−OH, C−O−C, and >CCCCCited by: Aluminum oxide has a chemical formula Al2O3.

It is amphoteric in nature, and is used in various chemical, industrial and commercial applications. It is considered an indirect additive used in food contact substances by the FDA.

An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. catalysts. MoO 3 and Fe 2 (MoO 4) 3 films were successfully synthesised on α-Al 2 O 3 () single crystal via a novel wet chemical deposition method.

These films revealed varying particle sizes at different monolayer coverage, with Mo and Fe in high oxidation state of Mo6+ and Fe2+.File Size: 8MB. Molybdenum based mixed oxide containing Mo V W was investigated for the partial oxidation of methanol.

The structural property and catalytic activity of the mixed oxide catalyst was studied by surface area (BET), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and X Cited by: 5. Organotin compounds or stannanes are chemical compounds based on tin with hydrocarbon substituents.

Organotin chemistry is part of the wider field of organometallic first organotin compound was diethyltin diiodide ((C 2 H 5) 2 SnI 2), discovered by Edward Frankland in The area grew rapidly in the s, especially after the discovery of the Grignard. X-Ray absorption spectroscopy has been employed to clarify the environmental structure around vanadium atoms in silica-supported and γ-alumina-supported vanadium oxide sts containing % of vanadium by weight were prepared with NH 4 VO 3 and VO(acac) 2 as impregnation agents.

X.p.s. (V 2p 3/2) of the catalysts showed that the vanadium atoms in these catalysts. The influence of preparation of tin-molybdenum catalysts on their phase composition and activity has been elucidated.

Description Some chemical and structural studies of tin-molybdenum oxide catalysts PDF

The mutual dissolution of Sn and Mo oxides leads to a considerable increase in their activities and selectivities in Cited by: 1.

Selective oxidation of alkenes using molybdenum oxide catalysts is commonly believed to proceed according to a reduction-oxidation-mechanism [1,4]. In a first step the reactant partially reduces the metal oxide catalyst. Afterwards, the catalyst is re-oxidized Cited by: X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies of oxidic and sulfided catalysts revealed the chemical species, the surface structure of the catalysts, and the promoting effect of Co.

Molybdenum is a chemical element with the symbol Mo and atomic number The name is from Neo-Latin molybdaenum, from Ancient Greek Μόλυβδος molybdos, meaning lead, since its ores were confused with lead ores. Molybdenum minerals have been known throughout history, but the element was discovered (in the sense of differentiating it as a new entity from the mineral salts Pronunciation: /məˈlɪbdənəm/ ​(mə-LIB-dən-əm).

The physical and chemical properties of NPs may vary depending upon the conditions. To prevent iron NPs from oxidation and agglomeration, Fe 3 O 4 NPs are usually coated with organic or inorganic molecules.

However, it is a prerequisite to synthesize magnetic NPs in oxygen-free environment, most preferably in the presence of N 2 gas.

Bubbling Cited by: Molybdenum: An Outline of its Chemistry and Uses (ISSN Book 19) - Kindle edition by Braithwaite, E. R., Haber, J. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Molybdenum: An Outline of its Chemistry and Uses (ISSN Book 19).Manufacturer: Elsevier Science.